Hyperpigmentation is a skincare concern that affects millions of people, which means we’re asked for advice on how to treat it all the time. Hyperpigmentation is an inconsistency of color. There are different forms of hyperpigmentation: sun spots, melasma, freckles, etc. Scars from acne or even injury can cause hyperpigmentation as well. It’s basically, any uneven skin tone on your body but it is most common in areas of your skin that are exposed to damaging external factors like your face, neck and decolletage. That means melasma, dark spots, freckles are all a type of hyperpigmentation.